Antyesencjonalizm nietekstowy. O filozofii Richarda Shustermana

Anna Budziak


Anna Budziak

Anti-textualist Anti-essentialism. The Philosophy of Richard Shusterman.

Richard Shusterman's philosophy is outlined here as (1) providing a critique of Richard Rorty's "textualism" and (2) offering a philosophical alternative to Rorty's aestheticized ethics. In his critique of textualism, Shusterman points out the ontological as well as social and economic repercussions of Rorty's philosophical tenets: privileging the private discourse over the public, rendering self-definition exclusively in terms of self-narratives and prioritizing the aesthetic criterion of novelty. Shusterman proposes expanding the self-narrative's evaluative criteria by affirming integrity, harmony and growth. He also creates the discipline of somaesthetics: a branch of aesthetics which lays emphasis on the somatic aspect of the self and which defines the idea of "the aesthetic experience" as affective and transformatio­nal, thus capable of changing the course of life conducted not only within the textual confines but also hors de texte.

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