Patočka and Rorty – The Problem of Freedom



Abstract

Patočka´s and Rorty´s philosophy offer a foundation for the reconstruction of liberalism and a possibility of fulfilling individual´s freedom. Patočka intends to assess the value of transcendence and its relevance to life. He tries to save the metaphysics for it does not need to become necessarily dogmatic. Contemporary people may find Patočka´s reflections on freedom beneficial. Patočka invites people to connect their spirituality with skepticism and modesty, and according to Socratic knowing of unknowing, along with humility which makes man non-dogmatically open to transcendence. In the reflections on man, Rorty holds to moral responsibility and tries to bring man to self-awareness and taking responsibility for his acting, because it is only man who disposes of unique possibilities and abilities to shape his own authentic way of life. Rorty´s concept of freedom as an accidental phenomenon is based on the concept of history of Western philosophy and is closely linked with the problem of metaphysics and truth. Despite timeless reflections of both philosophers, any timeless ideal of human freedom is determined by the context in which we are thinking.


Keywords

Rorty; Patočka; freedom; metaphysics; contingency; post-metaphysical culture

J. Dewey: Reconstruction in Philosophy. The Middle Works of John Dewey. Carbondale III. Southern Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press 1982.

I. Chvatík: Kolem Patočkovy politiky duchovního člověka. In: Filozofia, 2015, num. 6.

E. Gál: Richard Rorty: medzi nádejou a skepsou. In: Kritika a kontext, 2007, num. 34.

V. Leško: Filozofia dejín filozofie. Prešov v. n. 2004.

P. Lom: East meets West – Jan Patočka and Richard Rorty on Freedom. In: Political Theory, 1999, num. 4., p. 447–459.

J. Patočka: Přirozený svět jako filosofický problém. Praha: OIKOYMENH 1992.

J. Patočka: Čím je a čím není Charta 77. Proč je právo na její straně a žádné pomluvy ani násilná opatření jí neotřesou. In: Charta 77. Mezinárodní vědecká konference u příležitosti 30. výročí vzniku Charty 77. Praha 21. až 23. března 2007. Dokumenty k Chartě 77.

J. Patočka: Péče o duši I. Sebrané spisy. Sv. 1. Praha: Čs. spisovatel 1996.

J. Patočka: Péče o duši II. Sebrané spisy 2. Praha: OIKOYMENH 1999.

J. Patočka: Péče o duši III. Sebrané spisy 3. Praha: OIKOYMENH 2002.

J. Peregrin: Současná filosofie USA: analytická filosofie pod rentgenem pragmatizmu. In: H. Putnam – R. Rorty: Co po metafyzice? Prel. J. Peregrin. Bratislava: Archa 1997.

R. Rorty: Contingency, Irony and Solidarity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1989.

R. Rorty: Toward a Postmetaphysical Culture. In: R. Rorty: Take care of freedom and truth will take care of itself. Interwievs with Richard Rorty. Stanford: Stanford University Press 2006.

R. Rorty: Filozofické orchidey. Transl. Ľ. Hábová. Bratislava: Kalligram 2006.

R. Rorty. – G. Vattimo: Budoucnost náboženství. Ed. S. Zabala. Transl. L. Johnova. Praha: Nakladatelství Karolinum 2007.

P. Tholt: J. Patočka a vznik matematickej prírodovedy. Košice: Interart 2003.

Download

Published : 2016-07-04


Mayerová, K. (2016). Patočka and Rorty – The Problem of Freedom. Folia Philosophica, 37. Retrieved from https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/FOLIA/article/view/4734

Katarína Mayerová  katarina.mayerova@upjs.sk
University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik in Košice Faculty of Arts Department of philosophy and history of philosophy  Slovakia
My influences in philosophy are based on postmodern philosophy with connection to the critique of traditional metaphysics. My work is related to pragmatic tradition in the issues of current post-metaphysical situation. I am interested in the problem of what could replace metaphysics and whether it is possible at all. Last but not least I work on the themes involving Patočka´s philosophy (specifically his asubjective phenomenology). My main scientific interest is the situation of the end of metaphysics and its influence on present philosophy. My dissertation thesis was titled Rorty, Heidegger and metaphysics and it was published in 2014 as a monography. My main publications are as follow: „Rorty, Heidegger and Plato“ – Heidegger and Greek Philosophy, Košice 2013. „Rorty and Historiography of Philosophy“ – History of Philosophy as a philosophical problem, Košice 2010. „Post-eleatics philosophical physics“ – Patočka and the Greek Philosophy, Košice 2013. „Bacon´s Philosophy and the Rise of Modern Philosophy“ – Patočka and the modern philosophy, Košice 2014.



Once the submission is positively reviewed, accepted for publication, and published, the Authors retain the rights to the published material and grant the right to use it to third parties, in accordance with Creative Commons License 4.0 International: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Full information about CC BY 4.0: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0