Folia Philosophica <div class="WordSection1"> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>Folia Philosophica</em> publishes <strong>research articles</strong> exploring the central areas of philosophy: ontology, epistemology, ethics, anthropology, social philosophy, philosophy of religion, or the history of philosophy. Its <strong>review</strong> section offers readers insights into the evolution of philosophical thought as reflected in the recent publications. As a journal whose legacy is over three decades old, Folia Philosphica welcomes a wide range of submissions in English, German and in Polish.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">We are open to reflection in all areas of philosophy. <em>Folia Philosophica</em> publishes high-quality contributions by international scholars. With the local audience in mind, it also offers <strong>translations</strong> of philosophical texts – both by classical philosophers and by prominent representatives of contemporary philosophy - to international audiences. It welcomes articles by contributors from all over the world, aiming to go beyond the national scope and join the international discussion on current philosophical issues, which brings together a variety of perspectives and voices.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The journal does not charge any fees for publishing articles and is available free of charge in the Open Access Gold formula.</p> </div> en-US <p><strong>The Copyright Owners of the submitted texts grant the Reader the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY-SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.<br><br></strong>1. License<br><br>The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license (<a href=""></a>). Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY-SA 4.0 license.<br><br>2. Author’s Warranties<br><br>The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.<br><br>If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International".<br><br>ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).<br><br>3. User Rights<br><br>Under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.<br><br>4. Co-Authorship<br><br>If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.<br><br>I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.</p> (Redakcja) (Zespół ds. czasopism) Thu, 21 Apr 2022 07:05:42 +0000 OJS 60 Being as an Element of Nature in Presocratic Philosophy <p>The purpose of the article is to present an interpretation in the light of which one can read a characteristic aspect of the understanding of being in Presocratic philosophy. The starting point is to emphasize the idea of ​​a place within the etymology of the verb “be”: “to be” generally means ‘to be in the world’. Then the world is characterized as something <em>implicite</em> existing (i.e. beyond the human mind) and having a “second plane”: order hidden behind phenomena. Attempts to understand it were called investigations into the nature (of “things”), which meant the real foundation of the world and its active source – something that internally constitutes all sensual objects, providing building materials, structures and laws of development. Against this background (interpretive context), the understanding of being is defined as an element of nature – something identifiable in a distributive way and always in connection with (dependent) with self-contained nature. This element can be understood in two ways: as an object accessible to the senses taken together with the constituting nature, e.g. concrete tree, or the very internal nature, e.g. fire (Heraclitus) or four basic elements (Empedocles) from which sensual objects originate or consist.</p> Rafał Katamay ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Świętochowski’s Positivist Musings on Science as the Engine of Civilizational Progress <p>Positivist philosophy is focused on the problem of science and especially on its&nbsp;cognitive results and applications. We can say that Polish intellectual circles of this era&nbsp;glorified science. In her article, Barbara Szotek presents this phenomenon through the&nbsp;figure of Aleksander Świętochowski, the most famous representative and ideologist of&nbsp;scientific positivism. His works best illustrate the evolution of positivist views on science&nbsp;and its social role.</p> Barbara Szotek ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Language of Being in Heidegger’s “Turn” (Kehre) <p>In this article, I attempt to analyze some of the contexts of the language of being after Heidegger’s “turn” (Kehre), a clearly discernible change in his philosophy in the second half of the 1930s. Heidegger proposed a new concept to revealing being itself, namely its “event‑enowning” (Ereignis). The key to this understanding of being is that now language becomes “the house” of being. Heidegger combined this with the “joint” (fugue) function. Language as a fugue joins with being itself, and therefore constantly follows and touches upon the boundary of silence. Silence is the ultimate complement of language and constantly limits it, because what is said only reveals a part of being, while the rest remains hidden and “expresses” silence, as it is in the case of a fugue, where the main motif of the theme “escapes” into silence. In the text, I first consider the fugue of being, then the language of being as its expression, in order to consider the problem of saying further, and finally analyze the limit of language, i.e. the way to silence.</p> Jacek Surzyn ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Social Functioning of Knowledge and Science in the Philosophy of Paul Feyerabend – Ideologies, Interactions, and Cosmologies <p>In his article, Jakub Lampart addresses the social, cultural, and historical functions of various forms of knowledge (and of science in particular) as they can be reconstructed on the basis of the few descriptive remarks found in Paul Feyerabend’s works in the three periods of his scholarly career: moderate, transitional, and radical. Lampart interprets Feyerabend’s views on the relationship between knowledge and society as influenced by the following: the early concepts of Karl Popper (in the moderate period), some of the theses of Benjamin L. Whorf and the late Ludwig Wittgenstein (in the radical period). The article also contains: a) a juxtaposition of Feyerabend’s views with the theories of these thinkers; (b) an attempt to explain Feyerabend’s use of the term “ideology”; (c) a description of two trends characterizing different systems of knowledge: isolation and interaction; d) a description of the two types of ideal members of a given tradition: rationalists and pragmatists.</p> Jakub Lampart ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Paradox of Discursive Integration: On Integrating Experiential Content Through Language <p>Theories of discursive integration form a group of theories that see the principles responsible for the integration of experience data (apperception) in the practices and schemes of discourse. These theories indicate that the use of language unites and organizes experience data. Their main assumption can be expressed as follows: this integration does not inhere in objects and cannot be derived from them; hence this integration cannot be secondarily expressed in language, but results exclusively from the use of language (or discourse). In this article, Witold Marzęda gives an overview of narrativist theories, script theories, Gazzaniga and Dennett’s models, which refer to evolutionary psychology, and the theories of Lakoff and Johnson – all these being theories of discursive integration. Marzęda’s main objective is to formulate a paradox, which consists in a trap of self-referentiality into which these theories fall: they postulate some general properties of discourse, which, firstly, do not have to become at once the properties of individual models and which, secondly, do not admit of falsification.</p> Witold Marzęda ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000