Adult Students’ Attitudes Towards Distance Learning During the SARS-Co-V-2 Virus Pandemic


The article is a study report on distance learning during the SARS-Co-V-2 virus pandemic, conducted among postsecondary school students. The subject of the study was the opinions of postsecondary school students about distance learning. The research was diagnostic in nature, and the method of a diagnostic poll with
survey technique was used. The author’s survey was sent to 85 students of postsecondary schools in the Opole voivodship (Poland). As a result of the study, an average level of satisfaction, degree of motivation and involvement in self-learning by the respondents was determined, as well as an average evaluation of the level of effectiveness of learning conducted in that form. The respondents indicated both the positive and negative aspects of distance learning. The first group comprised mainly aspects related to saving time, money and the flexibility of this form of learning, while the other group included aspects of a social and health nature, related to shortcomings in self-study and evaluation of the learning process.


distance learning; adult education; SARS-Co-V-2 virus pandemic

Adams, D., Chuah, K.M., Sumintono, B., &Mohamed, A. (2021). Students’ readiness for e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic in a South-East Asian university: a Rasch analysis. Asian Education and Development Studies. (electronic issue, before paper)

Ana, A., Mingha, A.D., Purnawarman, P., Saripudin, S., Muktiarni, M., Dwiyanti, V., &Mustiakim, S.S. (2020). Students’ Perceptions of the Twists and Turns of E-learning in the Midst of the Covid 19 Outbreak. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(1), 15‒26.

Aparicio, M., Bacao, F., &Oliveira, T. (2016). An e-Learning Theoretical Framework. Educational Technology&Society, 19(1), 232‒307.

Kaliszewska-Czeremska, K., & Matejczuk, J. (2013). E-learning jako nowe środowisko edukacji: spotkanie ucznia i nauczyciela [E-learning as a New Education Environment: Meeting of a Student and a Teacher]. Studia Edukacyjne [Educational Studies], 2013(27), 219‒236.

Kompetencje cyfrowe i nauczanie zdalne w Unii Europejskiej, [Digital Competences and Distance Learning in the European Union].

Moorhouse, B.L., &Wong, K.M. (2021). Blending asynchronous and synchronous digital technologies and instructional approaches to facilitate remote learning. Journal of Computers in Education. (electronic issue, before paper)

Ocena nowej rzeczywistości rynku pracy ‒ perspektywa pracowników i pracodawców. [Evaluation of New Reality on the Labour Market – Perspective of Employees and Employers].

Palka, S. (2006). Metodologia. Badania. Praktyka pedagogiczna. [Methodology. Research. Teaching Practice]. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Ptaszek, G., Stunża, G., Pyżalski, J., Dębski, M., & Bigaj, M. (2020). Edukacja zdalna: co się stało z uczniami,, ich rodzicami i nauczycielami? [Distance Learning: What Has Happened with Students, their Parents and Teachers?]. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Pyżalski, J. (2020). Edukacja w czasach pandemii wirusa COVID-19. Z dystansem o tym, co robimy obecnie, jako nauczyciele [Education during COVID-19 Virus Pandemic. Talking with Distance about what We Are Doing Now as Teachers]. EduAkcja.

Rodek, V. (2019). Learning and its effectiveness in students’ self-reflection. The New Educational Review, 55(1), 112‒120.

Rodek, V. (2020). Uczenie się w czasie pandemii – obszary trudności i próby optymalizacji procesu na podstawie autorefleksji studentów. [Learning during Pandemic – Areas of Difficulties and the Attempts to Optimize the Process on the Basis of Self-reflection of Students]. Edukacja Dorosłych [Education for Adults], 82(1), 99‒112.

Śliwerski, B. (2016). Czy sieć zastąpi szkołę i rodziców w edukacji i wychowaniu [Will the Network Replace School and Parents in Education and Upbringing]. W: M. Tanaś (Ed.), Nastolatki wobec Internetu [Teenagers vs. the Internet] (27‒40). Naukowa i Akademicka Sieć Komputerowa.

The Act of 14 December 2016 Education Law, Journal of Laws of 2020, items 910 and 1378 and of 2021, items 4, 619 and 762


Published : 2021-12-31

RodekV., & OrlińskaA. (2021). Adult Students’ Attitudes Towards Distance Learning During the SARS-Co-V-2 Virus Pandemic. International Journal of Research in E-Learning, 7(2), 1-13.

Violetta Rodek 
University of Silesia in Katowice  Poland
Anna Orlińska 
Doctoral School, University of Silesia in Katowice  Poland

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Copyright Owners of the submitted texts grant the Reader the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.

1. License

The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license ( Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY-SA 4.0 license.

2. Author’s Warranties

The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.

If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International".

ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).

3. User Rights

Under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

4. Co-Authorship

If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.

I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.