Successful examples of asynchronous teaching in Polish interactive remote medical education


A thorough theoretical and practical preparation is crucial in the education of medical professionals. Present-day knowledge recipients expect a broad range of multimedia and interactive resources in the consumed media. The article discusses examples of such implementations for the nationwide education of a pharmacy technician, massage technician, medical sterilization technician, and occupational therapy technician. These examples were created for the Integrated Education Platform of the Ministry of Education and Science in Poland, as part of an EU-funded project. This study delineates the characteristics of e-materials, such as instructional and educational videos, film sequences, scenario-based learning games, interactive documentation, 3D animations, simulators and virtual tours. We prepared a learner benefit analysis based on the e-materials discussed. We aimed to formulate recommendations and guidelines for designing and developing multimedia and interactive resources, paying special attention to educational values and content for the medical industry. Regardless of the type of multimedia, profession and content, materials should prioritize realism, interactivity and detailed presentation of the situations/cases. The same multimedia rarely achieve different learning objectives and learning outcomes. To design and produce high-quality multimedia, it is necessary to know their characteristics and to work with a team of subject matter experts experienced in e-learning development.


medical education; multimedia; interactive resources; e-materials; evaluation; blended-learning; video; interactive documentation; animation; simulator; virtual tour; distance education; medical sterilization technician; pharmacy technician; occupational therapy technician; massage technician

Allen, D. D. & Toth-Cohen, S. (2019). Use of Case Studies to Promote Critical Thinking in Occupational Therapy Students. Journal of Occupational Therapy Education, 3(3).

Grześkowiak, M., Chudzicka-Strugała, I., Zwoździak, B., Swora-Cwynar, E., Nijakowski, K., Jokiel, M., & Roszak, M. (2020). E-learning during the coronavirus pandemic – creating educational resources for teaching medical students. Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric, 64(1), 77−97.

Hookham, G., Nesbitt, K., Cooper, J., & Rasiah, R. (2014). Developing a Virtual Tour of a Community Pharmacy for use in Education. IT in Industry, 2(1).

Hwang, N. K., Shim, S. H., & Cheon, H. W. (2023). Digital learning designs in occupational therapy education: a scoping review. BMC Medical Education, 23(7).

Kanikowska, D., Roszak, M., & Bręborowicz, A. (2023). E-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Medical Education (Japan), 54, suppl., p. 222 (abstr. IP-A2), 55th Annual Meeting of the Japan Society for Medical Education. Nagasaki, Japan, Jul 28–29, 2023. p-ISSN: 0386-9644.

Kirkova-Bogdanova, A., Taneva, D., Tsokova, Y., & Marchev, Y. (2017). E-learning in pre-graduate healthcare training – good practice across the world. KNOWLEDGE – International Journal, 19(4): 1569–1575.

Leszczyński, P. K., Roszak, M., Binkowska, A., Świniarski, P., Wilk, A., Charuta, A., Zacharuk, T., & Kononowicz, A. A. (2020). E-learning practice at medical universities in Poland in the perspective of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric, 64(1), 35−58.

McAlister, R. B. (2014). Use of Instructor-Produced YouTube® Videos to Supplement Manual Skills Training in Occupational Therapy Education. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68(Supplement_2), S. 67–S72.

Nagata, M., Chino, H., Yasuhara, T., & Noma, H. (2022). Disaster medical education for pharmacy students using video recordings of practical disaster drills. Currents in pharmacy teaching & learning, 14(5): 582−590.

Olivier, B., Verdonck, M., & Caseleijn, D. (2020). Digital technologies in undergraduate and post-graduate education in occupational therapy and physiotherapy: a scoping review. JBI Evidence Synthesis 18(5): 863−892.

Roszak, M. (2019). Ocena przydatności e-learningu w kształceniu medycznym z zakresu patofizjologii. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Medycznego im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu. p-ISBN: 978-83-7597-376-1.

Roszak, M., Leszczyński, P. K., Starosta, K., Wiktorzak, P., Torres, K., Świniarski, P., & Kononowicz, A. A. (2020). E-learning w kształceniu medycznym. Panorama e-edukacji w Polsce. Warszawa, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej, 73–89. ISBN: 978-83-8156-145-7.

Roszak, M., Mokwa-Tarnowska, I., & Markowska, J. (2023). E-learning practice and future education at universities in Poland. International Conference (hybrid mode) on “Current developments in mathematical sciences and e-learning”. Ratlam, India, 16 January 2023.

Roszak, M., Sawik, B., Stańdo, J., & Baum, E. (2021). E-Learning as a factor optimizing the amount of work time devoted to preparing an exam for medical program students during the COVID-19 epidemic situation. Healthcare, 9(9), 1147.

Rowan, N. J., Kremer, T., & McDonnell, G. A. (2023). Review of Spaulding’s classification system for effective cleaning, disinfection and sterilization of reusable medical devices: Viewed through a modern-day lens that will inform and enable future sustainability. Science of The Total Environment, 878: 162976.

Roy, H. (2017). The role of e-learning in medical education. Academic Medicine, 92(4): 430.

Silva, R.d.O.S., de Araújo, D.C.S.A., & dos Santos Menezes, P. W. (2022). Digital pharmacists: the new wave in pharmacy practice and education. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 44(3): 775−780.

Smelkowska, A., Karbownik, A., Szczeszek, K., Zaorska, K., Siwiec, S., Purandare, B., Jokiel, M., Keczmer, P., Jankowski, M., Sienicki, K. & Roszak, M. (2023). Interaktywne i multimedialne materiały dla branży medycznej jako propozycja ogólnopolskiego standardu kształcenia w środowisku zdalnym. IX Konferencja „e-Technologie w Kształceniu Inżynierów”. Kraków, 19−20 września 2023. Centrum e-Learningu i Innowacyjnej Dydaktyki AGH, 2023: 33. p-ISBN: 978-83-963036-3-9.

Smith, S. J., Farra, S., Ulrich, D., Hodgson, E., Nicely, S., & William, M. (2016). Learning and retention using virtual reality in a decontamination simulation. Nursing Education Perspectives, 37(4): 210–214.

Szczeszek, K., Smelkowska, A., Karbownik, A. & Roszak, M. (2023). Game based learning. The big book of online education for academics and other teaching proffesionals. Eds: Alina Guzik, Iwona Mokwa-Tarnowska, Marek Chodnicki. Gdańsk University of Technology: 104−113.

Tabakova, V. (2020). E-learning – from first experiences in medical physics and engineering to its role in times of crisis. Health and Technology, 10: 1385−1390.

Unge, J., Lundh, P., Gummesson, C., & Amnér, G. (2018). Learning spaces for health sciences – what is the role of e-learning in physiotherapy and occupational therapy education? A literature review. Physical Therapy Reviews, 23:1, 50−60.

Wong, K. L. & Chan Mei Ling, D. (2016). Using online and scenario-based learning to improve nurse-patient interaction and enhance patient experience. World Hospitals and Health Services, 2016; 52(2): 31−37.

Yilmaz, D. U., Palandoken, E. A., Ceylan, B., & Akbyik, A. (2020). The effectiveness of scenario-based learning to develop patient safety behavior in first year nursing students. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 17(1).


Published : 2023-12-29

SmelkowskaA., KarbownikA., PurandareB., ZaorskaK., JokielM., JankowskiM., & RoszakM. (2023). Successful examples of asynchronous teaching in Polish interactive remote medical education. International Journal of Research in E-Learning, 9(2), 1-32.

Anna Smelkowska 
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland
Agnieszka Karbownik 
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland
Barbara Purandare 
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland
Katarzyna Zaorska 
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland
Marta Jokiel 
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland
Maurycy Jankowski 
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland
Magdalena Roszak
Poznan University of Medical Sciences  Poland

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Copyright Owners of the submitted texts grant the Reader the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.

1. License

The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license ( Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY-SA 4.0 license.

2. Author’s Warranties

The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.

If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International".

ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).

3. User Rights

Under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

4. Co-Authorship

If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.

I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.