Model of election of the head of state of the Third Polish Republic balancing between institutional coherence and political pragmatism



Abstract

Poland held its first ever popular presidential election at the end of 1990. Since then four such elections have been held i.e. in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. In the meantime the position of the president gradually evolved hence gi- ving rise to the question about which method for the election of the head of sta- te is most "appropriate". However, this issue was not an object of political de- liberation for the major Polish political parties of the last 20 years. Firstly, this resulted from the popularity of the presidential election within society, which was reflected in high turnouts (considering Polish reality). Secondly, especial- ly until the enactment of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997, no party wanted to run the risk of being accused of returning to the po- litical transition solutions adopted at the Round Table. Thirdly, until the be- ginning of 2010, the competition for the office of president was "reserved" for charismatic leaders or party leaders. lt was finally Donald Tusk, who decided not to contend for the presidential election of 2010 thus wanting to change the perception of the institution of president in the system of power and draw atten- tion and emphasize the role and the importance of a government with a strong (normatively and factually) prime minister as the leader.

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Published : 2013-01-01


Glajcar, R. (2013). Model of election of the head of state of the Third Polish Republic balancing between institutional coherence and political pragmatism. Political Preferences, (4). Retrieved from https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/PP/article/view/4182

Rafał Glajcar  rafal.glajcar@us.edu.pl



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