Social conflicts in postmodern society. The case of Polish tensions in 21. century.



Abstract

A conflict is a natural element of society. Such a thesis has been developed for many years by numerous thinkers. Nevertheless, there have been several social phenomena that oblige us to analyse social conflicts deeper and wider in the twenty-first century.

The article tries to analyse new types of conflicts, which however having old roots, at present seem to be essential for individuals and global security. The main thesis to which the paper refers is the one expressed by Zygmunt Bauman that a contemporary society seeks for both freedom and security at the same time and raises the problem whether reaching both of them may be possible simultaneously.

The examples chosen for this paper illustrate that an interdisciplinary approach must be adopted to understand conflicts in a postmodern society. Hence, the questions arise whether the Polish society is a low-conflict or high-conflict one, whether it holds a culture of conflict. Proposed data analysis does not allow answering to such problems, it only gives an illustration to the considerable scope of conflicts in a postmodern society.

 

Key words:

conflict, postmodern society, postmodernity, cultural relativism 


Antonova, T. G. (2014). Social Conflict through Conceptual Metaphor in Media Discourse. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 154, 368-373.

Baudrillard, J. (2005). Symulakry i symulacja. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sic!

Bauman, Z. (1992). Intimation of Postmodernity. Cambridge: Polity Press

Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Bauman, Z. (2001). The Individualized Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Bauman, Z. (2007). Liquid Times. Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Beck, U. (2002). Społeczeństwo ryzyka. W drodze do innej nowoczesności. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe SCHOLAR.

Bentwich, M. (2010). Changing the rules of the game: addressing the conflict between free access to scientific discovery and intellectual property rights. Nature Biotechnology, 28, 137-140.

Błoński, K. (2015). Changes and Differnces in Poles’ hierarchy of values – on basis of the European Social Survey. Folia Oeconomic Stetinensia, 15 (2), 101-114.

Bourdieu, P. (2001). Masculine Domination. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Brancati, D. (2007). Political Aftershock. The Impact of Earthquakes on Intrastate Conflicts. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 51 (5), 715-743.

Burkitt, I. (1991). Social Selves. Theories of the Social Formation of Personality, London: SAGE Publication.

Burton, J. (1990). Conflict: Resolution and Provention. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Castells, M. (2000). Putting the Economy First: or Does Postmodernization Really Matter?, Political Studies, 48, 38-50.

Castells, M. (2010). The Rise of Network Society. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. West Sussex: Blackwell Publishing.

CBOS 120/2001. The Poles’ Attitudes to the Crime in Jedwabne - Changes in the Social Awareness. Komunikat z Badań nr 120/2001. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

CBOS 141/2013. Social Conflicts in Poland A.D. 2013. Komunikat z Badań nr 141/2013. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

CBOS 26/2015. Zmiany w zakresie podstawowych wskaźników religijności Polaków po śmierci Jana Pawła II. Komunikat z Badań nr 26/2015. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

CBOS 48/2016. Opinions about Lech Walesa. Komunikat z Badań nr 48/2016. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

CBOS 53/2016. Attitudes to Other Nationalities. Komunikat z Badań nr 53/2016. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

CBOS 69/2016. Migrant Crisis after the Attack in Brussels. Komunikat z Badań nr 69/2016. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

CBOS 88/2016. Reaction to the European Commission’s Opinion on the Rule of the Law in Poland. Komunikat z Badań nr 88/2016. Warszawa: Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej.

Cheldelin, S. I., Druckman, D., Fast, L. Introduction. [In:] S. I. Cheldelin, D. Druckman, L. Fast (eds). Conflict: From Analysis to Intervention. New York: Continuum.

Cilliers, P. (1998). Complexity and postmodernism. London, New York: Routledge.

Coleman, P. T. (2006). Power and Conflict. [In:] M. Deutsch, P. T. Coleman, E. C. Marucs (eds). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution. Theory and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Druckman, D. (2005). Doing Research. Methods of Inquiry for Conflict Analysis. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.

Homer-Dixon, T. F. (1994). Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases. International Security, 19 (1), 5-40.

Immergut, E. M. (1992). The rules of the game: The logic of health policy-making in France, Switzerland, and Sweden. [In:] S. Steinmo, K. Thelen, F. Longstreth (eds). Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Inglehart, R. (1997). Modernization and Posmodernization. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Jameson, F. (1996). Postmodernizm i społeczeństwo konsumpcyjne. [In:] R. Nycz (ed.), Postmodernizm. Antologia przekładów. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Baran i Suszczyński.

Jencks, Ch. (1977). The Language of Post-modern Architecture. London: Academy Editions.

Kimmel, P. R. (2006). Culture and Conflict. [In:] M. Deutsch, P. T. Coleman, E. C. Marucs (eds). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution. Theory and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Klare, M. T. (2002). Resource Wars. The new landscape of global conflict, New York: Owl Books.

Kovács, E., Fabók, V., Kalóczkai, Á., Hansen, H. P. (2016). Towards understanding and resolving the conflict related to the Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) conservation with participatory management planning. Land Use Policy, 54, 158-168.

Knutsen, O. (1996). Value orientations, political conflicts and left-right identification: A comparative study. European Journal of Political Research, 28, 63-93.

Lyotard, J.F. (1992). Postmodern explained. London: Turnaround.

Lyotard, J. F. (1979). The Postmodern Condition. A Report on Knowledge. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

McCombs, M. E. (1993). The Evolution of Agenda-Setting Research: Twenty-Five Years in the Marketplace of Ideas. Journal of Communication, 43(2), 58-67.

Millard, F. (1999). Polish Politics and Society. London and New York: Routledge.

Moix, B. (2006). Matters of Faith: Religion, conflict, and Conflict Resolution. [In:] M. Deutsch, P. T. Coleman, E. C. Marucs (eds). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution. Theory and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Papadakis, Y., Persistianis, N., Weltz, G. (2006). Introduction. Modernity, History and Conflict in Divided Cyprus. [In:] Y. Papadakis, N. Persistianis, G. Weltz (eds). Divided Cyprus: Modernity, History, and an Island in Conflict. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Petrila, L. (2015). About moral crisis of European values in the Context of globalization. Annals of University of Oradea, Series: International Relations & European Studies, VII, 155-164.

Sandole, D.J. (1998). A Comprehensive Mapping of Conflict and Conflict Resolution: A Three-Pillar Approach, Peace and Conflict Studies, 5 (2), Article 4.

Street, J. (1997). Politics and Popular Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Smart, B. (1997). Postmodernity. Key Ideas. London: Routledge.

Smooha, S. (1975). Pluralism and Conflict: A Theoretical Explanation. Plural Societies, 6(3), 69-89.

Tajfel, H. (1981). Human Group and Social Categories. Studies in social psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Whiteley, N. (2012). Art and Pluralism. Lawrence Alloway’s cultural criticism. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Wnuk-Lipiński, E. (2006). Socjologia życia publicznego. Warszawa: SCHOLAR.

Xu, J., Wang, Z., Shen, F., Ouyang, Ch., Tu, Y. (2016). Natural Disasters and Social Conflict: A Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 17, 38-48.

Young, C. (1976). The Politics of Cultural Pluralism. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.


Published : 2016-12-01


Adamus-Matuszyńska, A. (2016). Social conflicts in postmodern society. The case of Polish tensions in 21. century. Political Preferences, (13). Retrieved from https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/PP/article/view/4802

Anna Adamus-Matuszyńska  adamus@ue.katowice.pl
Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Katowicach  Poland



All articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0).