The Result of Elections to the Śląskie Voivodeship Assembly in 2018 in Reality of the Territorial Heteronomy
The main aim of the paper is the theoretical analysis of the concept of the territorial heteronomy. Conclusions concerning the idea of territorial autonomy, regionalism or federalism easily can be found in the scientific literature. But they are useless to investigate and explain many political processes and political preferences in states of the Central and Eastern Europe. It is because states of this part of the continent did not have a chance to create and develop their own models of classic administration institutions in the nineteenth century, inter alia the local and regional government. Their only experience in this area is limited to the interwar period between 1918 and 1939. They have gained a new chance for a democratic division of public tasks after the collapse of the communist system in the very end of the twentieth century. But in that period they have focused more on the horizontal division of powers than on the vertical one. For that reason up till today political phenomena in the political centre have more importance than the regional policy impact attempts. The inspiration for such a research were electoral results obtained by two regional parties at elections to the Śląskie Voivodeship Assembly in 2018.
territorial heteronomy; territorial autonomy; Silesia; regional parties; Śląskie Voivodeship; elections
Ciągwa, J. (1988). Autonomia Śląska: (1922-1939). Katowice: Muzeum Śląskie.
Dandoy, R., Sandri, G. & De Winter, L. (2018). Patterns of Regional Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Federal and Decentralised West-European Countries. In: L. Tomini & G. Sandri (eds.), Challenges of Democracy in the 21st Century: Concepts, Methods, Causality and the Quality of Democracy (pp. 125-141). London-New York: Routledge.
dk/PAP (2018). "To za mało! Za mało! Za mało!". Kaczyński cytuje Broniewskiego. https://www.polsatnews.pl/ wiadomosc/2018-10-15/to-za-malo-za-malo-za-malo-kaczynski-cytuje-broniewskiego/ (16/10/2018)
Dudek, A. (2013). Historia polityczna Polski 1989-2012. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Znak.
Dz. U. 1960, No. 30, item. 168. Act of 14 June 1960 Code of Administrative Procedure Poland.
Dz. U. 1990, No. 16, item. 95. Act of 8 March 1990 on Self-government.
Dz. U. 1997, No. 78, item. 483. Constitution of the Republic of Poland of April 2, 1997, adopted by the National Assembly on April 2, 1997, adopted by the Nation in a constitutional referendum on May 25, 1997, signed by the President of the Republic of Poland on July 16, 1997.
Dz. U. 1998, No. 91, item. 576. Act of 5 June 1998 on Regional (Voivodship) Self-government.
Dz. U. 1998, No. 91, item. 578. Act of 5 June 1998 on Poviat Self-government.
Dz. U. 2017, item. 1453. Act of 13 November 2003 on the incomes of local and regional government units.
Dz. U. 2018, item. 1561. Regulation of the President of the Council of Ministers of August 13, 2018 on the Ordinance of Elections to Municipal Councils, Poviat Councils, Voivodeship Assemblies and District Councils of the Capital City of Warsaw and Elections of Mayors and City Presidents.
Muś, A. (2017). „Zjednoczeni dla Śląska” - Upper-Silesians Support for Regional Initiative. Political Preferences, 14, 157–74.
NIK (2017). Analiza wykonania budżetu państwa i założeń polityki pieniężnej w 2016 roku. Warszawa: Najwyższa Izba Kontroli. https://www.nik.gov.pl/plik/id,14230.pdf (06/10/2017).
Pawlik, P. (2017a). Na Śląsku powstanie nowa partia polityczna. https://slask.onet.pl/na-slasku-powstanie-nowa-partia-polityczna/8ynetf3 (30/05/2019).
Pawlik, P. (2017b). Prezes Związku Górnośląskiego: autonomia jest symbolem połączenia z Polską. https://slask.onet.pl/grzegorz-franki-wspolzalozyciel-slaskiej-partii-regionalnej-wywiad/hmp944g (30.05.2019).
Zasada, M. (2017). Czy Śląska Partia Regionalna powstanie bez jednego ze swoich liderów? https://dziennikzachodni.pl/czy-slaska-partia-regionalna-powstanie-bez-jednego-ze-swoich-liderow/ar/12718174 (30/05/2019).