La mort en ligne, le cimetière virtuel et l’architecture des rites funéraires postmodernes



Abstrakt

This paper makes use of different disciplinary methodologies in order to analyze the issue of death and representation of funerary rites within the universe of the cyberspace, in order to propose a balanced integrative vision of the function and role of recurrent non‑places within the virtual space: the electronic cemeteries with their specific rituals. Starting from an anthropo‑semio‑semantic approach and using the comparatist method, the article analyzes the specificity of funerary rites (counter‑rituals) and ceremonies related to online memorials and electronic cemeteries pertaining to different cultural spaces (French, Romanian, Indian, English‑American and so on).

Key words: death, funerary rites, rituals, electronic cemeteries, online memorials, non‑places, postmodernism


Corpus

http://www.e‑obseques.fr/

http://www.e‑ternel.com/en/

http://www.youdeparted.com/

http://www.viatadeapoi.ro/

http://www.moarteaonline.ro/

http://legacylocker.com/

http://findagrave.com/

http://connectingdirectors.com/articles/349‑eternalspace‑com‑folds‑after‑30‑days

http://noidalokmanch.org/antim_niwas.html> Date de consultation : le 13 janvier 2014.

Œuvres consultés

Amariglio Jack, 1988 : « The Body, Economic Discourse and Power : An Economist’s Introduction to Foucault ». History of Political Economy, Vol. 20, no. 4, 583—613.

Amariglio Jack, 1990 : « Economics as a Postmodern Discourse ». In: Economics as Discourse. Ed. Warren Samuels. Kluwer Academic Publishing, 14—46.

Augé Marc, 1992 : Les non‑lieux. Introduction à une anthropologie de la surmodernité. Paris : Éditions du Seuil.

Bachelard Gaston, 1972 : La Poétique de l’espace. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.

Bauman Zygmunt, 2000 : Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.

De Certeau Michel, 1990 : L’Invention du Quotidien. Paris: Gallimard.

Dawson Lorne, Cowan Douglas, eds., 2004: Religion Online: Finding Faith on the Internet. New York: Routledge.

Eliade Mircea, 1995 : Sacrul şi profanul. Bucureşti: Humanitas.

Grimes Ronald, 1990 : Ritual Criticism: Case Studies in Its Practice. Essays on Its Theory. Columbia : University of Columbia Press.

Hojsgaard Morten, Warburg Margrit, eds., 2005 : Religion and Cyberspace. New York: Routledge.

Hoover Stewart, Clark Lynn Schofield, 2002 : Practicing Religion in the Age of the Media, Explorations in Media, Religion and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press.

Matei Alxandru, 2009 : « Penser le postmoderne. Autour d’un débat transatlantique sans échos en Europe de l’Est ». Fabula http://www.fabula.org/atelier.php?Penser_le_%22postmoderne%22. Date de consultation: le 13 janvier 2014.

O’Leary Stephen D., 2004 : Religion Online: Finding Faith on the Internet. New York: Routledge.

Panea Nicolae, 2003 : Gramatica funerarului. Craiova: Ed. Scrisul Românesc.

Roberts Pamela, 2004 : « The Living and the Dead : Community in the Virtual Cemetery ». Journal of Death and Dying, Vol. 49, 57—76.

Schechner Richard, 1985 : Between Theatre and Anthropology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Segaud Marion, 2010 : Anthropologie de l’espace. Habiter, fonder, distribuer, transformer. Paris : Armand Colin.

Thomas Louis Vincent, 1975 : Anthropologie de la mort. Paris : Payot.

Thomas Louis Vincent, 1985 : Rites de mort. Paris : Fayard.

Autres sources électroniques (date de consultation: le 13 janvier 2014)

http://www.viatadeapoi.ro/index.php?l=ro&t=4

http://legacylocker.com/features/locker

http://www.e‑ternel.com/fr/memorial/Louis‑GALLET‑29‑09‑1915‑09‑03‑2013/

http://www.e‑ternel.com/fr/memorial/Louis‑GALLET‑29‑09‑1915‑09‑03‑2013/#


Ţenescu, A. (1). La mort en ligne, le cimetière virtuel et l’architecture des rites funéraires postmodernes. Romanica Silesiana, 9(1). Pobrano z https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/RS/article/view/5917

Alina Ţenescu  krzysztof.jarosz@us.edu.pl