Une vision européenne de l’île



Abstrakt

In his Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men (Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes, 1755) Jean‑Jacques Rousseau argued that man, in a state of nature, was inherently good, but became depraved the moment he decided to live in societies. In 18th century European literature, Rousseau’s idea assumed shape in the description of the original inhabitants of Tahiti. For the first time, Louis Antoine de Bougainville described them as the embodiment of Rousseau’s natural man. At this very moment, Tahiti became, in the European imagination, the epitome of paradise on earth. Beside the account of Bougainville’s journey, the following paper is focussed on literary texts of James Cook, Georg Forster and Denis Diderot.

Key words: Tahiti, the Enlightenment, bon sauvage, utopian thought


Bougainville Louis Antoine de, 1982 : Voyage autour du monde par la frégate du Roi La Boudeuse et la flûte L’Étoile. Jacques Proust, éd. Paris : Gallimard.

Commerson Philibert, 1769 : « Sur la découverte de la nouvelle Isle de Cythère ou Taïti ». Mercure de France, novembre, 197—205.

Cook James, 1893: Captain Cook’s Journal During His First Voyage Round the World Made in H.M. Bark ‘Endeavour’ (1768—71). Captain W.J.L. Wharton, ed. London: Elliot Stock.

Diderot Denis, 1951 : Œuvres. Édition d’André Billy. Paris : Gallimard.

Forster Georg, 1777 : A Voyage Round the World In His Britannic Majesty’s Sloop, Resolution, commanded by Capt. James Cook, during the Years 1772, 3, 4 and 5. London: B. White.

Rousseau Jean‑Jacques, 1969 : Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes. Paris: Gallimard.

Siegmund Andrea, 2002 : Die romantische Ruine im Landschaftsgarten. Ein Beitrag zum Verhältnis der Romantik zu Barock und Klassik. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.


Nickel, B. (1). Une vision européenne de l’île. Romanica Silesiana, 10(1). Pobrano z https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/RS/article/view/5946

Beatrice Nickel  beatrice.nickel@gmx.de