Et l’Espagne frémit de peur. L’âge d’or du cinéma d’horreur ibérique à la fin du franquisme (1968–1976)



Abstrakt

In the present article, the author discusses the ideology in some Spanish horror movies made between 1968 and 1976, during the last years of the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. The Spanish horror production, also called fantaterror, seems to be an indicator of the problematics of Spanish society. Indeed, it seems that the outbreaks of violence and eroticism of these films relate to the double face of the last years of the dictatorship, that of hedonism and of the repression of desires. By examining the specific aesthetic of the fanta‑terror and its narrative duality between Good and Evil, we want to show that behind the apparent entertainment these movies are inherently shaped by Franco’s regime. They deserve to be evaluated in terms of political, economic and cultural conditions in which they were created.


Key words: horror movies, fantasy, Spain, Franco’s dictatorship, ideology in film


Aguilar Carlos, 1999: Cine fantástico y de terror español, 1900–1983. San Sebastián, Donostia Kultura: Semana de Cine.

Barrachina Marie-Aline, 1998 : Propagande et culture dans l’Espagne franquiste, 1936–1945. Grenoble : Ellug.

Baudelaire Charles, 2004 [1980] : Œuvres complètes. Paris : éd. Robert Laffont, Collection Bouquins.

Kracauer Siegfried, 1973 : De Caligari à Hitler : une histoire psychologique du cinéma allemand. Paris : L’Âge d’Homme.

Petit Alain, 2015 : Jess Franco ou les prospérités du bis. Artus Films.

Pirie David, 2008: A New Heritage of Horror: The English Gothic Cinema. Londres: I.B. Tauris.

Pulido Javier, 2012: La década de oro del cine de terror español, 1967-1976. Madrid: T & B editores.

Rouyer Philippe, 1997 : Le cinéma gore. Une esthétique du sang. Paris : Éditions du Cerf.

Wood Robin, 1979: “American Nightmare: Horror in the 70s”. In: Robin Wood & Richard Lippe, eds. : The American Nightmare: Essays on the Horror Film. Toronto: Festival of Festivals.


Guermond, V. (1). Et l’Espagne frémit de peur. L’âge d’or du cinéma d’horreur ibérique à la fin du franquisme (1968–1976). Romanica Silesiana, 11(1). Pobrano z https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/RS/article/view/6000

Valentin Guermond  krzysztof.jarosz@us.edu.pl