No Limits <p>“No Limits” is a new popular science journal at the University of Silesia in Katowice. We use an attractive format to present interesting, innovative, and important scientific research which is conducted at our university, or in cooperation with the University of Silesia.</p> <p>The semi-annual journal is addressed to a wide audience, especially to those who are interested in discoveries in the world of science, innovative solutions, technology, as well as new materials and technologies. The first issue was dedicated to the subjects related to climate change.</p> en-US <p><strong>The Copyright Holders of the submitted text are the Author and the Publisher. The Reader is granted the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.</strong></p> <ol> <li class="show">License</li> </ol> <p>The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY 4.0 license (<a href=""></a>). Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY 4.0 license.</p> <ol start="2"> <li class="show">Author’s Warranties</li> </ol> <p>The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.</p> <p>If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution - By the same conditions 4.0 International".</p> <p>ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).</p> <ol start="3"> <li class="show">User Rights</li> </ol> <p>Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.</p> <ol start="4"> <li class="show">Co-Authorship</li> </ol> <p>If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.</p> <p>I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.</p> (Agnieszka Sikora) (Zespół ds. czasopism) Tue, 08 Nov 2022 12:15:26 +0000 OJS 60 IS THIS REALLY THE END OF THE AGE OF FOSSIL FUELS? <p>We will move away from fossil fuels in the future — that is a fact. However, we do not yet know what environmental, economic, and social decisions await us. Certainly, difficult choices will have to be made. We do know one thing: without energy, the world as we know it will not survive. There would be no energy today without the much-hated coal, whether we like it or not.</p> Małgorzata Kłoskowicz, Iwona Jelonek ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROS AND CONS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY <p>Contrary to traditional sources, where energy is obtained from the combustion reactions of coal or gas, nuclear energy is obtained from processes related to radioactivity, i.e. the ability of certain atomic nuclei to undergo radioactive decay. Nuclear power plays an extremely important role in the modern world. Some see it as an opportunity for decarbonisation and increased energy security, while sceptics see numerous risks associated with the use of a radioactive energy source.</p> Agnieszka Sikora, Marek Matussek ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:03:37 +0000 AGREEMENTS KEPT ARE WARS AVOIDED <p>Vulnerable persons are not only women, children, and people with disabilities. This group also includes the elderly, pregnant people, single parents, victims of human trafficking, severely ill people, those suffering from mental disorders, as well as people who have been victims of rape, torture, and other forms of physical, mental, or sexual abuse. Any person, due to certain circumstances, deficiencies, or dysfunctions, might be unable to fully exercise their rights.</p> Maria Sztuka, Magdalena Półtorak ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:09:17 +0000 LAW AND INTERNATIONAL CRIMES <p>Everything that has been happening in Ukraine since 24 February 2022 fills us with horror, compassion, and moral objection. There is no doubt that Putin, his closest associates, the commanders of the Russian army, and its regular soldiers are responsible for the evil that is taking place in our neighbour’s territory. The tragedy of the Ukrainian people demands justice and just punishment for the culprits. However, let us try to disconnect emotionally and analyse the current situation in Ukraine in the context of international law.</p> Tomasz Płosa, Dominika Iwan-Sojka ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:39:30 +0000 MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES. ON THE WAY TO PARTNERSHIP <p>The issue of migration is one of the most important research topics today, also among sociologists. For at least a few years now, we have been observing an increase in migration movements. What are their causes? What are the consequences? These questions have been addressed by a scientist specialising in the sociology of migration, religion, and the analysis of contemporary cultural transformations.</p> Agnieszka Niewdana, Rafał Cekiera ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:22:04 +0000 JUVENILE OFFENDER’S PROFILE <p>Crime is a phenomenon that cannot be completely eradicated. Society’s traditions and culture, as well as the level of its economic development, are very important in maintaining the optimal happiness levels of its people. In spite of the efforts of educators and parents, who are sometimes overly preoccupied with ensuring a prosperous life for their children, they are unable to protect them from the danger of going down the road of crime.</p> Katarzyna Stołpiec, Maciej Bernasiewicz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:23:18 +0000 HOMEMADE TERRORISM <p>Terrorism is a method of action, and the radicalisation which may lead to violence is not necessarily linked to Islam or its ideology’. While Islamist terrorist organisations such as Al-Qa'ida or ISIS are responsible for most of the attacks we hear about in the media, the 2011 attacks in Norway were carried out by a right-wing extremist Anders Breivik, a blond-haired and blue-eyed man. The article is devoted to the analysis of the motivations and modes of conduct of terrorists.</p> Tomasz Grząślewicz, Karolina Wojtasik ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:30:09 +0000 QUANTUM ATTACKS ON CLASSICAL CRYPTOSYSTEM <p>What is quantum cryptography? Can classical banknote security measures be replaced by quantum ones? How to deal with the threats posed by quantum computers? While many publicists are keen on fearmongering with quantum computers as a challenge to data security, we are by no means helpless in the face of this threat.</p> Weronika Cygan, Jerzy Dajka ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:38:08 +0000 INFORMATION WARFARE AS A FOREIGN POLICY TOOL OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION <p>In international relations, information is seen as a resource of strategic significance. As a consequence, it can be used in a harmful way, including information warfare. When compiling the most comprehensive definitions of this concept found in Western science, we may assume that it is an organised activity which consists in modifying or destroying communication systems with the intention to achieve political, military, or economic goals.</p> Jacek Kiera ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Nov 2022 10:40:11 +0000