Black Flag under a Grey Sky. Forms of Protest in Current Neo-Confederate Prose and Song
Abstract: While ‘tragic’ protest and protest songs are normally conceived of as originating on the political left of American culture, in recent years protest from the political right, specifically the racist right has flown under the cultural radar of most researchers of American studies. This article strives to explore the ways in which the neo-Confederate movement is currently protesting the state of cultural, political, and social affairs in the contemporary American South. The neo-Confederate movement is one of the oldest forms of ‘conservative’ protest present in the United States, originating out of the defeat of the Confederacy and the civic religion of the ‘Lost Cause’ of the last decades of the 1800s into the first three decades of the 1900s. Since the neo-Confederate movement is both revolutionary and conservative, it is possible to derive some valuable insights into the contemporary reactionary politics of the right by examining a brief sampling of the protest songs, novels and essays of this particular subculture.
neo-Confederate; radical fiction; racist revolutionary subculture; U.S. cultural history
Axton, Hoyt. “Good Ol’ Rebel,” 1991. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fT50xE1TMlo. Accessed October 15, 2017. Originally written by Capt. A. S. Randolph (C. S. A.), 1866.
Faulkner, William. Intruder in the Dust. New York: Signet Press, 1960.Originally published in 1949.
Goldfield, David. Still Fighting the Civil War: The South and Civil War History. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Kay, Gregory. The Third Revolution. North Charleston, SC: CreateSpace Publishing, 2004.
Kimmel, Michael. Angry White Men: Manhood in Contemporary America. New York: Free Press, 2013.
Kimmel, Michael. Manhood in America: A Cultural History. New York: Free Press, 1996.
Lennard, Lloyd. The Last Confederate Flag. Baltimore, MD: AmErica House Publishers, 2000.
Rebel Son. “Southern Wind”. From the album Unreconstructed. Raleigh, North Carolina: Rebel Son, 2005.
Redneck 28. “Outlaws.” From the album The South Will Rise Again. Milwaukee, WI: Resistance Records, 2015.
Smith, R. E., Editor. So Good A Cause: A Decade of Southern Partisan. Columbia, South Carolina: The Foundation for Education, 1993.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The Copyright Holder of the submitted text is the Author. The Reader is granted the rights to use the material available in the RIAS websites and pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative CommonsAttribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0). Any commercial use requires separate written agreement with the Author and a proper credit line indicating the source of the original publication in RIAS.
The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY 4.0 license.
- Author’s Warranties
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.
If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution - By the same conditions 4.0 International".
ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).
- User Rights
Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.
I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.