,,Substitute Candidate" in Polish Campaign Practice


The article deals with an interesting - from the marketing perspective - form of electoral rivalry, realised with the participation of politicians described as the "substitute candidates". It was taken into consideration that while discussing the issue of "substitute candidate" it is necessary to settle two key questions: which politicians and based on what criteria could be classified as such candidates and what strategic grounds convince rivalry subjects to choose such campaign option. Assuming that the notion "substitute candidate" could be analysed from at least two different points of view: actual substitution or apparent substitution, some issues of creating the electoral campaign and realising the campaign with the parti- cipation of "substitute candidate" can be pointed out: from the candidate selection stage, through the stage of creating and developing the candidate's image, to the stage of implementing project. Moreover, some conclusions from the electoral campaign preceding the presidential elections in Katowice were presented.

Key words:
electoral strategy, electoral campaign, process of selecting candidates, political image

Katz R.S. (2001), The problem of candidate selection and models of party democracy, „Party Politics”, vol. 7 (3).

Kik K. (2015), To kampania zastępców kandydatów, Dziennik Łódzki/Polska The Times, 09.02.2015.

Kolczyński M. (2007), Strategie komunikowania politycznego, Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.

Kolczyński M., Mazur M. (2007), Wojna na wrażenia, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sejmowe.

Kotler Ph., Kotler N. (1999), Political Marketing [in:] B.I. Newman (ed.), Handbook of Political Marketing, Thousand Oaks-London-New Delhi: Sage.

Newman B. I. (1994), The Marketing of the President. Political Marketing as Campaign Strategy, Thousand Oaks-London-New Delhi: Sage.

Skrzypiński D. (2011), Proces mianowania kandydatów w wyborach prezydenckich jako mechanizm rozstrzygania dylematów strategicznych, „Studia Politologiczne”, vol. 19.


Published : 2015-06-01

Kolczyński, M. (2015). ,,Substitute Candidate" in Polish Campaign Practice. Political Preferences, (11). Retrieved from https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/PP/article/view/4287

Mariusz Kolczyński  mariusz.kolczynski@us.edu.pl

All articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0).