Albanian Minority questions in Macedonia– Selected Issues



Abstract

In the article I tried to select the most important issues and events related to the Albanian minority question in Macedonia. In the very beginning I explain the origin of the name Macedonia, the location of Macedonia and roughly summarize its way to independence in the 90's. Then I elucidate where the Albanian minority in Macedonia came from and why the conflict in Tetovo broke out. At the and I try to chronologically describe the events from 2001 that had impact on today's political situation in the state with special regard to the political crisis that lasted from 2014 to the implementation of the law guaranteeing Albanian as the second official language in Macedonia.

 

Key words:

Macedonia, Albanian minority, identity, conflict


Albanci u Makedoniji protiv slovenizacije imena, Politika. http://www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/398286/Albanci-u-Makedoniji-protiv-slovenizacije-imena (13/02/2018).

Biernat, A. (2014). The ‘new’ government and old problems – the political and economic situation in Macedonia. Casimir Pulaski Foundation. https://pulaski.pl/en/the-new-government-and-old-problems-the-political-and-economic-situation-in-macedonia/ (13/10/2014).

Brunnbauer, U. (2002). The implementation of the Ohrid agreement: ethnic Macedonian resentments. JEMIE – Journal on ethnopolitics and minority issues in Europe, 1, 1-23. http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-62155.

Brunnbauer, U. (2003). Serving the Nation: Historiography in the Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) After Socialism. Historien, 4, 161–82.

Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in The Republic of Macedonia, 2002 - Book XIII. Skopje: Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office. http://www.stat.gov.mk/Publikacii/knigaXIII.pdf (05/02/2013).

Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia (2011). http://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/mk/mk014en.pdf (13/02/2018).

Crvenkovski so apsurdni obvinuvanje za kriminalnata privatizacija. Press 24. http://press24.mk/crvenkovski-so-apsurdni-obvinuvanja-za-kriminalnata-privatizacija (04/05/2015).

Domachowska, A. (2017). Macedonia With a New Government - The End of the Crisis. Casimir Pulaski Foundation. https://pulaski.pl/en/analysis-macedonia-with-a-new-government-the-end-of-the-crisis/ (20/07/2017).

Douglas, H. (2001). Macedonia. Online Etymology Dictionary. https://www.etymonline.com/word/Macedonia (Accessed: 2001-2018).

EWB Archives (2017). Ivanov: Essence of Tirana platform is to change constitutional order, EWB Archives, European Western Balkans: https://europeanwesternbalkans.com/2017/04/07/ivanov-essence-of-tirana-platform-is-to-change-constitutional-order/ (07/04/2017).

Гроздановска Димишковска Љ. (2010). Неред и гротеска. Okno.mk https://okno.mk/node/4694 (03/03/2010).

Iseini, M., Menaj, P., & Osmani, R. (2008) Izbor tekst o vizakonfliktot od 2001 godina. Skopje: Fondacija Otvoreno Opstestvo Makedonija.

Jordanovski, Z. (2006). Izbori u Makedoniji. Deutsche Welle. http://www.dw.com/en/about-dw/profile/s-30688 (05/07/2006).

Катарџиев, A. (2000). Иван. Верувам во националниот имунитет на македонецот, интервjу са списание "Форум".

Kawka, M., & Płaneta, P. (2013) Dyskursy o Macedonii, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.

Kędziora-Płachciak, J. (2015). Is the Proliferation of Islamic Extremism posing a potential terrorist threat to the Republic of Macedonia? In: D. Gibas-Krzak (ed.), Asymetryczne Bałkany. Działania asymetryczne, militarne i polityka bezpieczeństwa na Półwyspie Bałkańskim w XX i XXI wieku (pp. 251–76). Częstochowa: Wydawnictwo im. Stanisława Podobińskiego Akademii im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie.

Liddell, H. G., & Scott, R. (1940). Μακεδονία. In: A Greek-English Lexicon. Revised and augmented throughout by H. S. Jones with the assistance of R. McKenzie. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lubik-Reczek, N. (2011) Państwa postjugosłowiańskie wobec członkostwa w Unii Europejskiej i NATO (Analiza porównawcza). Toruń: Wyd. Adam Marszałek.

Macedonia's Albanian language law does little to ease ethnic tensions. TRT World.

https://www.trtworld.com/life/macedonia-s-albanian-language-law-does-little-to-ease-ethnic-tensions-16344 (30/04/2018).

Macedonia Economic Outlook. Focus Economics, Economic Forecasts from the World’s Leading Economists. https://www.focus-economics.com/countries/macedonia (10/04/2018).

Macedonia: Ten years after the conflict, Europe Report N°212. http://www.refworld.org/pdfid/4e4a63502.pdf (11/08/2011).

Majewski, P. (2013). (Re)konstrukcje Narodu. Odwieczna Macedonia powstaje w XXI wieku. Gdańsk: Wyd. Naukowe Katedra.

Марш низ Битола во знак на сочувство – Тв Тера", YouTube (12/07/2014).

Mazover, M. (2000). The Balkans: A Short History. New York: Modern Library.

Petrovski, P. (2006). Svedoštva 2001. Tirana: Kino Dandaro.

Sielska, Z. (2016). Tożsamość Bałkańska – wybrane zagadnienia. The Peculiarity of Man, 23, 139–54.

Sobranje potvrdilo, albanski drugi službeni jezik u Makedoniji.

http://www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story/11/region/2999873/sobranje-potvrdilo-albanski-drugi-sluzbeni-jezik-u-makedoniji.html (11/01/2018).

Stawowy-Kawka, I. (1996). Problem albański w Republice Macedonii. Prace Komisji Środkowoeuropejskiej PAU, 4, 81–96.

Stawowy-Kawka, I. (2016). The Albanian-Macedonian Armed Conflict (February – May 2001) in Northwestern Macedonia. US and EU Diplomatic Involvement. Studia Politologica Ucraino-Polona, 6, 46–60.

Stets, D. (1992). Macedonia’s bloodless road to independence. Philadelphia Inquirer, February 12, 1992.

Stojanovski, S., Marolov, D., & Ananiev, J. (2014). Macedonian Question Reframed: Politics, Identity and Culture in Republic of Macedonia. Balkan Social Science Review, 4, 295–323.

Stojanovski, F. (2011). Macedonia: Violent Inter-Ethnic Incident on Skopje Fortress. GlobalVoices. https://globalvoices.org/2011/02/15/macedonia-violent-inter-ethnic-incident-on-skopje-fortress/ (15/04/2011).

Szczesio, S. L. (2013). Problem uznania niepodległości Bośni i Hercegowiny w polityce Stanów Zjednoczonych. In: P. Chmielewski, S. L. Szczesio (eds.), Bałkany zachodnie, między przyszłością a przyszłością. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.

Szpala, M. (2015). Kumanowo punktem zwrotnym w macedońskim kryzysie?, Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia. https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2015-05-13/kumanowo-punktem-zwrotnym-w-macedonskim-kryzysie (13/05/2015).

Што содржи законот за јазици?, Радио слободна европа. https://www.slobodnaevropa.mk/a/28664919.html (08/08/2017).

Testorides, K. (2017). Protesters attack Macedonian lawmakers over leadership vote, dozens injured. Chicago Tribune. http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/ct-macedonia-parliament-protests-20170427-story.html (28/04/2017).

Wojnicki, J. (2016). The formation of the Party System in the Republic of Macedonia. Annales, Universitatis Marie Curie-Skłodowska, Sectio M, Balcaniensis et carpathiensis, 1, 157–72.

Wojtaszczyk, K. A., & Jakubowski, W. (2007). Społeczeństwo i polityka: podstawy nauk politycznych. Warszawa: Aspra.

Valecki, O. (2013). War in Macedonia at 2001 year. http://www.militaryimages.net/forums/archive/index.php/t-16950.html (21/03/2013).

„За заедничка Македонија“: Разочарани сме од одлуката на Заев, продолжуваме да протестираме, МКД. https://www.mkd.mk/makedonija/za-zaednichka-makedonija-razocharani-sme-od-odlukata-na-zaev-prodolzhuvame-da (10/03/2017).

Download

Published : 2018-06-30


Sielska, Z. (2018). Albanian Minority questions in Macedonia– Selected Issues. Political Preferences, (19). Retrieved from https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/PP/article/view/6963

Zuzanna Halina Sielska  zuzannasielska@gmail.com



All articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0).